“Justice, though due to the accused, is due to the accuser also. The concept of fairness must not be strained till it is narrowed to the filament. We are to keep the balance true.”
( Supreme court justice Benjamin N. Cardoza in Snyder V. Massachusetts, 291 U.S. 97, 122, 545. Ct. 330, 338 (1934)
The word ‘Forensics’ is derived from the Latin word ‘Forensis’ which means related to court of law, discussions and debates in public related to law. In ancient
Forensic science is the application of various fields of sciences and technology to investigate criminal acts and prove it in court of law. This area of science, once prone to numerous errors and misinterpretation, is now one of the most important pieces of a case in modern law.
Different fields of forensic science.
Forensic science is the application of all basic science applied to public matter. There are innumerable fields of forensic science. some are given below,
- Questioned document examination
- Forensic chemistry
- Computer Forensic
- Forensic photography
- Forensic social work
- Trace evidence etc…
Who is an expert?
Sec 45 of Indian evidence Act 1975 defines expert as,
A person who has special knowledge, skill o experience in any of the following—
- Foreign law;
- Handwriting; or
- Finger impression and such knowledge has been gathered by him-
- by practice;
- by observation; or
- by proper studies.
But practically there are more subjects or fields on which a court of law may seek opinion of an expert.
Duties of the expert
- To find the answers using scientific principles and techniques for public matters.
- An expert witness is to endow the judge necessary scientific criteria for testing the accuracy of the conclusion of the criteria to the facts proved by the evidence.
- An expert should have neutral perspective and no prejudice against any party in the case.
- An expert opinion gives his opinion on the basis of his experience, special knowledge or skill in the field.
- An expert deposes and does not decide.
- An expert is not a witness of fact.
Evidentiary Value of forensics
Indian Evidence Act 1975 section 45 to 51 under chapter-II provide relevancy of opinion of third persons, also know as Expert’s opinion.
Expert evidence has two aspects~
- Data Evidence ( it cannot be rejected even it is inconsistent to oral evidence)
- Opinion evidence ( It is only a conclusion drawn from the information and would never get precedence over direct eye-witness unless the inconsistency between the two is great as to falsify the oral evidence )—Arshad V. State of A.P.
The evidentiary value of forensics is increases day by day with the advent of new technology and methods as well as awareness about it in legal and general community.
We have well qualified forensic expert who have studied these subjects. Our experts are experienced and provide quality work. We are qualified to be the court commissioners. Our reports are valid in all the courts of India except for the state of Jammu and Kashmir. We require 7-15 working days to study a case. The period may vary depending on number of objects provided for verification. Expeditious services are also available.